Jerome Robbins (1918–98) was the greatest American-born choreographer of the 20th century and one of the most influential figures in Broadway. He played a crucial role in the development of both American Ballet Theatre and New York City Ballet. His seminal ballets include Afternoon of a Faun (1953), The Concert (1956), Dances at a Gathering (1969) and In the Night (1970), all of which are in the repertories of The Royal Ballet and of companies around the world.
Robbins was born Jerome Rabinowitz in 1918 and grew up in New Jersey. He first learnt dancing from his sister Sonya and later studied modern dance at the Dance Center with Senia Glück-Sandor and Felicia Sorel, while also studying ballet with Ella Daganova and Spanish and Asian dance. Robbins joined the corps de ballet of the Ballet Theatre (later ABT) in 1940. His first work for Ballet Theatre was Fancy Free (1944), expanded the following year into On the Town on Broadway. It success made Robbins the most sought-after choreographer on Broadway, his most popular subsequent works including The King and I (1951), West Side Story (1957) and Fiddler on the Roof (1964). He created his first work for NYCB, The Guests, in 1949, and through the rest of his life retained close links with both NYCB and ABT, and George Balanchine, whose works were a tremendous influence.
Robbins was a pioneer in creating ballets that were intended to reflect his own era. His works are marked by his unique comic gift, his intelligence and deep musical sensitivity.
News and features
17 July 2014
In preparation for the European premiere of Restless Creature, we explore the NYC Ballet dancer’s top YouTube moments.
30 May 2014
A quick guide to The Royal Ballet's new mixed programme, featuring classic works by Ashton and Robbins as well as a world premiere from Alastair Marriott.
With a slip of the foot: How rehearsal mishaps and improvisation can leave a lasting legacy in ballet choreography
19 May 2014
George Balanchine isn't the only choreographer to be influenced by the environment of the rehearsal studio.
16 May 2014
Balanchine's rival for the title of America's greatest 20th-century choreographer created ballets as well as the musicals West Side Story and Fiddler on the Roof.
Jerome Robbins ©Jesse Gerstein, courtesy of Jerome Robbins Trust
Zenaida Yanowsky and Nehemiah Kish in In the Night, The Royal Ballet © ROH/Tristram Kenton, 2012
Sarah Lamb and Carlos Acosta in Afternoon of a Faun, The Royal Ballet © Dee Conway
Sarah Lamb in Afternoon of a Faun, The Royal Ballet © Dee Conway