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Giacomo Puccini

Composer

Biography

Giacomo Puccini (1858–1924) is one of opera’s most popular composers. His operas are famed worldwide for the drama and pathos of their plots, for their wonderful melodies and for the wealth of great roles they provide singers.

Puccini was born in Lucca to a family of church musicians. In 1880 he moved to Milan to study at the Milan Conservatory and while a student attended many performances at La Scala. Puccini wrote his first opera, the one-act Le villi, for the Sonzogno Competition; though rejected by the judges, its successful 1884 premiere led Giulio Ricordi to take Puccini on. His second opera, Edgar (1889) was a failure, but he scored a major triumph with Manon Lescaut (1893), his first mature work. While completing Manon Lescaut, Puccini began a fruitful collaboration with librettists Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica, with whom he wrote arguably his three greatest operas: La bohème (1896), Tosca (1900) and Madama Butterfly (1904). Following the death of Giacosa in 1906 Puccini struggled to find new subjects and collaborators. However, he continued to create impressive works, with the dramatic ‘Wild West’ opera La fanciulla del West (1910), the tender ‘lyric comedy’ La rondine (1917) and his most ambitious project, the three one-act operas that make up Il trittico (1918).

Puccini’s last years were spent working on his final opera Turandot, set in ancient China. Puccini never completed the final act – he died of throat cancer while working on the final love duet in 1924. Turandot had its premiere two years later, in a version completed by Franco Alfano.

Videos

News and features

How do you complete an opera when its composer has died before finishing it?

How do you complete an opera when its composer has died before finishing it?

22 May 2017

The opera repertory is littered with controversial, posthumously completed works.

Watch: Uncovering the musical secrets of Puccini's <em>Madama Butterfly</em>

Watch: Uncovering the musical secrets of Puccini's Madama Butterfly

10 April 2017

Antonio Pappano and Ermonela Jaho unpick the opera's famous score with a musical masterclass.

Puccini’s <em>Madama Butterfly</em> to be relayed live to cinemas on 30 March 2017

Puccini’s Madama Butterfly to be relayed live to cinemas on 30 March 2017

27 March 2017

The opera about a heartbroken Japanese geisha will be conducted by Music Director of The Royal Opera Antonio Pappano and star Ermonela Jaho.

Photos