French librettist Albert Vanloo (1846–1920) is best known for his collaborations with librettist Eugène Leterrier. Their partnership lasted nearly twenty years and produced 18 librettos, many of which were opéras bouffes and set by such composers as Chabrier and Offenbach.
Vanloo was born in Brussels and grew up in Paris. He abandoned his legal studies to work in the theatre and first worked with Leterrier on Le Petit Poucet in 1868. Their other works together included Lecocq’s Giroflé-Girofla, La Petite Mariée, La Marjolaine, La Camargo, La Jolie Persane and Le Jour et la nuit, Offenbach’s Le Voyage dans la lune, Chabrier’s L’Étoile and Messager’s La Béarnaise.
After Leterrier’s death in 1884 Vanloo went on to collaborate with William Busnach (Audran’s L’Oeuf rouge), Henri Chivot (Vasseur’s Le Pays d’or and Banès’s Le Bonhomme de neige) and Georges Duval (Messager’s Les P’tites Michu, Véronique and Les Dragons de l’impératric, and Lecoq’s La Belle au bois dormant). In 1913 Vanloo wrote the book Sur le Plateau: souvenirs d’un librettiste.
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The composer of L’Étoile was highly respected by his musical and painterly peers, including Debussy, Stravinsky and Manet.